Incredible ca 1875 Woodbury County (Sioux City Area) Iowa Constable Badge

Incredible ca 1875 Woodbury County (Sioux City Area) Iowa Constable Badge

Code: pwlb01875iow


Product Description


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ARTIFACT: This is a Incredible circa 1875 Woodbury County (Sioux City Area) Iowa Constable Badge.

Iowa does not always come to mind when thinking of the Old West, but this badge is from Woodbury County, Sioux City area, about as West as you can go in the state. Further west than Kansas City, and almost in the Dakota Territory at this time period. 

And it is EARLY! 

The badge is a Large Nickel Circle Star at 2-5/16" in diameter, hand cut out and VERY Hand Stamped. 

On back, nicely scratched in, in cursive, by the original wearer is: C P Ross Floyd Twp

Charles Perry Ross
Birth: Jul 1854 Pennsylvania, USA
Marriage: Clara Elizabeth Critchett 1879 Floyd, Woodbury, Iowa, USA

Attached is Ross' obituary. I'm sure they got the Township incorrect, Banner & Floyd both being Townships in Woodbury County, and I believe, right next to each other. But the reference to him being a constable at 21 years of age, in 1875, nails the date of this great old badge.  And the obituary also states that Ross spent his entire life in Law Enforcement after that first appointment.

More information on the early days of Floyd Township are below. 


Floyd  Township  was  created  April  5,  1871,  by  supervisors'  order, 
as  follows:  "That  the  west  half  of  township  eighty-eight,  of  range 
forty-five,  and  all  of  township  eighty-eight,  of  range  forty-six  be  and 
the  same  is  hereby  detached  from  the  townships  to  which  the  same  now 
belong,  and  formed  into  a  new  township,  to  be  called  Floyd  township." 
Originally,  as  seen  by  the  above,  it  consisted  of  one  and  a  half  con- 
gressional townships,  but  one-third  was  afterward  taken  from  Floyd, 
which  left  it  as  it  now  is,  one  complete  congressional  township,  with 
bounds  as  follows:  On  the  north  by  Concord  and  Banner,  on  the  south 
by  Grange,  on  the  east  by  Moville  and  on  the  west  by  Woodbury 

Floyd  is  one  of  the  best  sections  of  Woodbury,  it  having  a  diversi- 
fied surface.  It  has  much  of  the  rich  bottom  land  and  considerable  of 
the  bluff  or  upland  formation.  The  soil  is  inconceivably  rich,  and  it  is 
well  watered.     Elliott's  creek,  the   Big  Whiskey  and  minor  branches 


traverse  the  township  at  all  points.  It  is  a  strictly  agricultural  sec- 
tion, there  being  only  one  extremely  small  store  on  section  four,  at 
what  is  known  as  Crawford's  post-office  on  the  stage  route  from  Sioux 
City  to  Moville.  There  is  no  church,  no  tavern,  no  mill,  no  physician, 
but  splendid  farms  and  ranches. 

The  first  settlers  of  Floyd  were  Alexander  Elliott,  "William  Elliott, 
John  Law,  Jacob  Amick,  George  Anderson,  Jerome  Jones,  William 
Lee,  and  one  or  two  others.  Alexander  Elliott,  built  the  first  house, 
which  was  the  only  one  between  Sioux  City  and  the  settlement  in  Little 
Sioux  township,  Southland.  The  road  between  the  two  points  named, 
runs  through  Floyd  township,  and  the  old  stage  line  is  still  kept  up, 
making  three  round  trips  per  week.  The  principal  products  here,  as 
generally  in  Woodbury,  are  corn,  cattle,  hogs,  with  the  exception  in 
Floyd,  that  sheep  is  added  to  the  list.  Alexander  Elliott  has  a  ranch 
upon  which  he  raises  a  great  number  of  sheep,  keeping  usually  from 
1,500  to  2,000  head.  He  sells  from  $3,000  to  $5,000  worth  of  wool. 
He  also  deals  largely  in  cattle  and  horses,  and  raises  some  fine  stock. 
His  ranch  comprises  a  tract  of  land  about  2,000  acres,  highly  improved 
and  with  all  modern  appliances  for  the  proper  operating  of  his  large 

The  Chicago  &  Northwestern's  proposed  extension  of  their  branch 
line  which  now  terminates  at  Moville,  runs  to  Floyd,  but  the  railroad, 
through  a  policy  that  is  difficult  to  understand,  unless  it  be  to  create 
a  longer  haul  to  Chicago  than  a  shorter  one  to  the  Sioux  City  markets, 
and  thereby  get  the  benefit  of  the  same,  has  delayed  the  construction 
of  the  gap,  which  is  only  about  twenty  miles. 

VINTAGE: Circa 1875.

SIZE: Approximately 2-5/16" in diameter.

MATERIALS / CONSTRUCTION: Nicke with brass pin.

ATTACHMENT: Vertical safety-style pin

MARKINGS: C P Ross Floyd Twp

ITEM NOTES: This is from a western and lawman badge collection which we will be listing more of over the next few months. MGGHX21 LCFGEX07/07/22

CONDITION: 7 + (Very Fine - Excellent): The badge shows minor to moderate wear duty wear, and storage wear from its almost 150 years of existence.

GUARANTEE: As with all my artifacts, this piece is guaranteed to be original, as described.